1000 word apa paper use force presence using effect presence authority

a 1000 word apa paper on the use of force Presence (using the effect of the presence of an authority figure on a subject) Verbalization (commanding a subject) Empty hand control (using empty hands to search, relieve weapons, immobilize, or otherwise control a subject) Intermediate weapons (using non-lethal k-9, chemical, electronic or impact weapons on a subject) Deadly Force (using any force likely to cause permanent injury or death to a subject)